It played an important role in the internal conflicts of France and for most of its history was used as a state prison by the kings of France. It was stormed by a crowd on 14 July , in the French Revolution , becoming an important symbol for the French Republican movement. It was later demolished and replaced by the Place de la Bastille. The Bastille was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from potential English attacks during the Hundred Years' War. It was starting to be built in , but the main construction occurred from onwards, creating a strong fortress with eight towers that protected the strategic gateway of the Porte Saint-Antoine on the eastern edge of Paris. The innovative design proved influential in both France and England and was widely copied. The Bastille figured prominently in France's domestic conflicts, including the fighting between the rival factions of the Burgundians and the Armagnacs in the 15th century, and the Wars of Religion in the 16th. The fortress was declared a state prison in ; this role was expanded first under the English occupiers of the s and s, and then under Louis XI in the s. The defences of the Bastille were fortified in response to the English and Imperial threat during the s, with a bastion constructed to the east of the fortress. The Bastille played a key role in the rebellion of the Fronde and the battle of the faubourg Saint-Antoine , which was fought beneath its walls in
Terrorist drives truck through a Bastille Day celebration
Parisian revolutionaries and mutinous troops storm and dismantle the Bastille , a royal fortress and prison that had come to symbolize the tyranny of the Bourbon monarchs. This dramatic action signaled the beginning of the French Revolution , a decade of political turmoil and terror in which King Louis XVI was overthrown and tens of thousands of people, including the king and his wife Marie Antoinette , were executed. By the summer of , France was moving quickly toward revolution. On July 12, royal authorities transferred barrels of gunpowder to the Bastille, and Launay brought his men into the massive fortress and raised its two drawbridges. At dawn on July 14, a great crowd armed with muskets, swords, and various makeshift weapons began to gather around the Bastille.